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cost of jiebaikeli for infectious pleuropneumonia

  • Economic impact of contagious caprine

    The annual economic losses due to CCPP for a standard flock of 100 heads were estimated at Euros 1,712.66 in average. The benefits-costs ratio of the vaccination supports the current bi-annual vaccination campaigns, even with a vaccine effectiveness limited to 20% (average benefits-costs ratio of …

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  • Estimation of impact of contagious bovine

    The control strategy with minimum cost per herd was preventive vaccination with an estimated cost of US 193 (90% CI; 170-215) per 100 cows per year, while slaughter of clinical cases had an estimated cost of US 912 (90% CI; 775-1055) per 100 cows per year.

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  • An estimation of the economic impact of contagious

    2008-9-4 · cost (direct and indirect production losses plus disease control costs) was estimated at 44.8 million euros (3.7 million euros per country). An investment of 14.7 million euros to control CBPP would prevent a loss of 30 million euros. The financial return on investment in CBPP control is positive,

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  • Economic impact of contagious caprine

    In Kenya and East Africa, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases affecting small ruminants in pastoral areas with adverse consequences on livelihoods. This is so despite the implementation of bi‐annual vaccination campaigns.

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  • Estimation of impact of contagious bovine

    The analysis was undertaken in a stochastic spreadsheet model. The control strategy with minimum cost per herd was preventive vaccination with an estimated cost of US 193 (90% CI; 170–215) per 100 cows per year, while slaughter of clinical cases had an estimated cost of …

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  • A mathematical model of the effects of chronic

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a respiratory disease of cattle; CBPP is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony. CBPP is a major cause for concern for African countries (because of mortality, animal-production losses and cost of control). The clinical form of the disease is the more infectious (contagion occurs ...

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  • Policy analysis for delivery of contagious bovine ...

    2017-11-30 · control of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in southern and eastern Africa (2). These strategies included annual vaccination, movement control, stamping out and abattoir surveillance. Different countries have described the role of their Veterinary Services in delivering vaccination services, enforcing movement controls on cattle from endemic zones

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  • Contagious Pleuropneumonia - an overview |

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is an OIE-notifiable disease of historic interest in veterinary medicine because it was the object of early national control programs for infectious disease. It was eradicated from North America in 1892 and from Australia in the 1970s, but it is still enzootic in large areas of Africa, Asia, and eastern Europe.

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  • Update on Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ... - Wiley

    2019-2-3 · Hence, if of infectious cattle receive antibiotic treatment, then at least of susceptible cattle should get vaccination in less than 73.8 days in order to control the disease. 1. Introduction. Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a major constraint to cattle production in the key pastoral regions of Africa (see [1–3] for more details). It is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides …

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  • Economic impact of contagious caprine

    Economic impact of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and cost-benefit analysis of the vaccination programmes based on a one-year continuous monitoring of flocks in the arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya. Renault V(1), Hambe HA(2), Van Vlaenderen G(3), Timmermans E(4), Mohamed AM(3), Ethgen O(5), Saegerman C(1).

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  • Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. The costs of

    A review. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (M. mycoides) has been endemic in many parts of Africa for the greater part of this century. Because of an international vaccination campaign the disease was almost eliminated from the continent. With the deteriorating economic situation of many countries, vaccination programs have...

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  • Estimation of impact of contagious bovine

    2014-4-2 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious disease which impacts cattle production in sub-Saharan Africa. To adequately allocate resources for its control, there is a need to assess its impact on cattle producers. ... The control strategy with minimum cost per herd was preventive vaccination with an estimated cost of US 193 (90% ...

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  • Economic impact of contagious caprine

    2019-8-3 · In Kenya and East Africa, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases affecting small ruminants in pastoral areas with adverse consequences on livelihoods. This is so despite the implementation of bi‐annual vaccination campaigns.

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  • A hematogenic pleuropneumonia caused by

    2019-2-14 · respiratory disease [8]. Most reports of pleuropneumonia are bronchogenic. The chronic nature and cost of ongoing treatment and limitations on choice of antimicrobial agents warrant a poor prognosis for survival and a poorer prognosis for return to athletic endeavour [10]. *Corresponding author Phone: 82-2-880-1273; Fax: 82-2-880-8662

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  • RECOGNIZING CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA

    2021-2-9 · Recognizing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia 3 THE DISEASE Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious and highly contagious disease of cattle and water buffaloes, and considered to be amongst the most important infectious …

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  • Contagious Pleuropneumonia - an overview |

    Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is an OIE-notifiable disease of historic interest in veterinary medicine because it was the object of early national control programs for infectious disease. It was eradicated from North America in 1892 and from Australia in the 1970s, but it is still enzootic in large areas ...

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  • Using sero-positivity to assess geospatial burden of ...

    2017-8-27 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an important infectious and contagious disease of cattle in sub-Saharan Africa, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) (Manso-Silván et al. 2009; Tardy et al. 2011). It is characterized by sero-fibrinous interlobular oedema and hepatization giving a marbled appearance to

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  • Leak from proposed ag lab could cost billions | CIDRAP

    2008-7-3 · Leak from proposed ag lab could cost billions. Jul 3, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – A leak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus at any of six proposed sites for a large federal laboratory to study foreign animal diseases could cost billions of dollars, according to a recent report by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

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  • Seroepidemiology of Contagious Bovine

    2020-9-24 · Abstract. Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), a respiratory disease of cattle caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecie mycoides Small Colony (MmmSC) type and transmitted by infectious aerosol inhalation, is at present the most economically important livestock disease in Africa due to its considerable effects on production and rural economy.

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  • Estimation Of Impact Of Contagious Bovine

    Estimation Of Impact Of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia On Pastoralists In Kenya. Date 2014-04. Author. Onono, JO. Wieland, B. Rushton, J. Type Article. Language en. Metadata Show full item record.

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  • Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia (Review

    2019-5-21 · Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia (Review Article) Bemrew Admassu, Anmaw Shite and Wassie Molla Department of Veterinary Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Abstract: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a disease of cattle caused byMycoplasma mycoidessubsp.

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  • A hematogenic pleuropneumonia caused by

    2019-2-14 · pleuropneumonia. Key words: pleuropneumonia, postoperative, septic throm-bophlebitis, horse Pleuropneumonia is a clinically important equine disease, predisposed by a number of identifiable factors. The majority of acute pleuropneumonia occurred in Thoroughbreds (89%). Among pleuropneumonic horses, 61% were in race training at the onset of ...

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  • Mathematical Modelling of the Transmission

    2015-2-10 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a cattle disease that has hampered the development of the livestock sector in sub-Saharan Africa. Currently, vaccination with a live vaccine strain is its recommended control measure although unofficial antimicrobial use is widely practiced. Here, modelling techniques are used to assess the potential impact of early elimination of infected cattle via ...

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  • (PDF) MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CONTAGIOUS

    INTRODUCTIONContagious Bovine PleuroPneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides Small Colony biotype (MmmSC) is an infectious and highly contagious disease of cattle and water buffaloes (Masiga, et al., 1996). The disease is considered to be amongst the most important infectious diseases in livestock around the world.

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  • Leak from proposed ag lab could cost billions | CIDRAP

    2008-7-3 · Leak from proposed ag lab could cost billions. Jul 3, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – A leak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus at any of six proposed sites for a large federal laboratory to study foreign animal diseases could cost billions of dollars, according to a recent report by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

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  • Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal ...

    The cost of disposing of infectious waste is greater than the cost of disposing of general non-infectious waste, and, therefore, disposal costs are increased unnecessarily when general wastes are included in the infectious waste stream. A system that properly segregates infectious waste simultaneously prevents the inclusion of non-infectious ...

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  • Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal ...

    2020-8-6 · pathogens Review Mycoplasma bovis Infections—Occurrence, Diagnosis and Control Katarzyna Dudek 1,* , Robin A. J. Nicholas 2, Ewelina Szacawa 1 and Dariusz Bednarek 1 1 Department of Cattle and Sheep Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, 57 Partyzantów Avenue, 24100 Pulawy, Poland; [email protected] (E.S.); [email protected] (D.B.)

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  • RECOGNIZING CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA

    2021-2-9 · Recognizing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia 3 THE DISEASE Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious and highly contagious disease of cattle and water buffaloes, and considered to be amongst the most important infectious …

    Get Price
  • Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia (Review

    2019-5-21 · Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia (Review Article) Bemrew Admassu, Anmaw Shite and Wassie Molla Department of Veterinary Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Abstract: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a disease of cattle caused byMycoplasma mycoidessubsp.

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  • Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) | Iowa State

    2021-7-13 · The etiologic agent of APP is Actinobacillus (previously Haemophilus) pleuropneumoniae. The organism is a hemolytic, Gram-negative, capsulated, coccobacillary rod, highly host-specific for swine. Strains vary in virulence and pathogenicity. There are two biotypes distinguished by their dependency for NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) in ...

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  • Overview and epidemiology of contagious bovine ...

    2021-6-10 · Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz., 1995,14 (3), 611-620 Overview and epidemiology of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Africa * W.N. MASIGA and J. DOMENECH ** Summary: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is widespread in Africa and in other regions of the world.

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  • Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in Swine

    2020-9-24 · Abstract. Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), a respiratory disease of cattle caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecie mycoides Small Colony (MmmSC) type and transmitted by infectious aerosol inhalation, is at present the most economically important livestock disease in Africa due to its considerable effects on production and rural economy.

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  • Seroepidemiology of Contagious Bovine

    2018-10-12 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly contagious disease of cattle caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides Biotype Small Colony (MmmSC). The disease currently occurs in most of sub-Saharan Africa and where it is endemic and a major constraint for improving pastoral productivity. Following the persistence of this scourge, and in order to control this …

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  • Frontiers | Serological Prevalence of Contagious

    2015-2-10 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a cattle disease that has hampered the development of the livestock sector in sub-Saharan Africa. Currently, vaccination with a live vaccine strain is its recommended control measure although unofficial antimicrobial use is widely practiced. Here, modelling techniques are used to assess the potential impact of early elimination of infected cattle via ...

    Get Price
  • Mathematical Modelling of the Transmission

    2018-1-12 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a severe disease caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) and represents a serious transboundary threat for livestock [1, 2].CBPP is currently widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, where it is considered of major economic relevance through decreased animal productivity and the high cost of the control measures [3, 4].

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  • Respiratory explants as a model to investigate early ...

    2006-3-1 · Infectious diseases are transmitted between hosts by a variety of mechanisms, including direct, airborne and vector-borne transmission. Control of animal-to-animal transmission of disease agents is a key concept in infectious disease epidemiology; however, a more sensible approach might be to prevent the types of contact that lead to transmission in the first place.

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  • An estimation of the economic impact of contagious

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a disease that causes high morbidity and mortality losses to cattle. The financial implications of these losses are of great significance to cattle owners. Control of CBPP is therefore important as a way to salvage the losses and increase the incomes of cattle owners. This study estimated the economic cost of CBPP and the benefits of its control in...

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  • PART - FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE,

    Foot-and-mouth disease, contagious pleuropneumonia, Newcastle disease, highly pathogenic avian influenza, infectious salmon anemia, spring viremia of carp, or any other communicable disease of livestock or poultry that in the opinion of the Secretary constitutes an emergency and threatens the livestock or poultry of the United States.

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  • Perceptions, circumstances and motivators affecting

    2018-1-1 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious disease of cattle which substantially contributes to poor productivity of the sub-Saharan pastoral livestock sector. In Nigeria and most of the West African countries, limited public funding for CBPP control have necessitated farmers to bear a bigger burden of managing the disease.

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  • CHAPTER THREE: LIVESTOCK DISEASES

    2021-2-8 · the exact cost of vaccinating one cattle could not be established, farmers stated that they have to contribute about TSh 1,500 (US1.50) per cattle. Cattle keepers claimed that the cost is high, particularly for owners of large herd. As a result, they hide some of the animals to avoid being vaccinated by moving the beasts across

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  • Multiplex Screening of Surface Proteins from

    2020-12-18 · A recombinant antigen cocktail enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) was developed after careful selection of antigens among one-third of the surface proteome proteins of the infectious agent Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (M. mycoides SC). First, a miniaturized and parallelized assay system …

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  • Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health ...

    An observational study on the effects of oxytetracycline treatment on contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in a naturally infected herd of 500 cattle was conducted. A total of 68 cattle that showed pneumonia-like clinical signs were treated. Treatment was effected the moment an animal showed signs of illness. A total of 429 cattle were slaughtered after diagnosis of contagious bovine ...

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  • Advanced Biotechnology in the Development of Novel ...

    2018-5-3 · Emerging and reemerging devastating infectious diseases in farm animals in China during 1994-2013 ... one of the most cost-effective strategies in the prevention, control and eradication program. 1. Residual virulence; ... APP gene deleted (apxIIc-/apxIC)-Swine Pleuropneumonia Bei et al

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  • Multiplex Screening of Surface Proteins from

    A recombinant antigen cocktail ELISA for diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) was developed after careful selection of antigens among one third of the surface proteome of the infec ...

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  • Establishment of caprine airway epithelial cells grown in ...

    2021-7-8 · it. Infectious diseases hamper the productivity and animal welfare of goats. Specifically, respiratory infections, such as contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (Jores et al., 2020) or peste des petits ruminants (Banyard et al., 2010), are a leading cause of low productivity and

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  • A foresight vision for infectious diseases in Africa

    Following the published Report, we highlighted (King et al. 2006) that infectious diseases account for a quarter of all human mortality, and a similar fraction of morbidity (World Health Organisation 2005). Infectious diseases of crops and livestock cost the global economy uncounted billions of …

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  • Saving livestock with vaccines | International Livestock ...

    2021-7-11 · Infectious diseases in developing countries cost billions of dollars a year through livestock mortality and illness. Many Africa-specific diseases are neglected as there is little private investment in developing vaccines for them. ... BREAD: Toward development of a vaccine for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia.

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  • Developing and scaling up a vaccine for contagious

    2019-1-9 · Cost-benefit analyses provide sound business rationale for poor farmers to purchase the vaccine and for the use of public funds to control the disease. The vaccine is expected to have a positive impact on food productivity by reducing the number of cattle that become infected; creating more stable market prices; lowering intervention costs to ...

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  • Pleuropneumonia in Selected Districts

    2021-1-27 · Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a contagious ... increased production cost due to cost of dis-ease control, loss of weight and working ability, reduced fertili- ... in Africa and considered as the most infectious animal disease affecting …

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  • Modelling and determination of the transmission contact ...

    2019-3-6 · per unit of time that an infectious animal will have contact with and successfully transmit infection to a susceptible animal. It is a bi-individual rate (i.e. in-volves two individuals) that captures the aetiology of the infectious process and combines a number of epidemiological and environmental factors that affect the disease transmission.

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  • Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Challenges and ...

    2020-8-19 · Introduction. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious and contagious respiratory disease, mainly of cattle, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm). 1 It is transmitted by direct or close contact between infected cattle and susceptible animals, and remains an important constraint to cattle production in many sub-Saharan African countries. 2,5 It is a disease …

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  • Government Ordinance for Enforcement of the Act on ...

    2020-7-14 · Government Ordinance for Enforcement of the Act on Domestic Animal Infectious Diseases Control (Government Ordinance No. 235, 1953) ... contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, anthrax, glanders, classical swine fever or African swine ... Decrease in sales amount or increase in feed cost, transportation cost, or incineration ...

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  • Sero-prevalence of Contagious Bovine

    2015-4-12 · Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly infectious cattle disease, which is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (small colony, bovine biotype). It is widespread in pastoral areas of Africa, and it is a major problem for Ethiopian livestock development (Masiga et al. 1996).Although CBPP was once found worldwide, it was eradicated from most continents, by the mid ...

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  • (PDF) The Molecular Epidemiology of Contagious

    Transmission and economic impact Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides Small Colony biotype (MmmSC), is a highly infectious cattle disease endemic in many African countries, and the Sub-Saharan region is under constant threat due to the carrier status of its host (Musisi, et al., 2011).

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  • Advanced Biotechnology in the Development of Novel ...

    2018-5-3 · Emerging and reemerging devastating infectious diseases in farm animals in China during 1994-2013 ... one of the most cost-effective strategies in the prevention, control and eradication program. 1. Residual virulence; ... APP gene deleted (apxIIc-/apxIC)-Swine Pleuropneumonia Bei et al

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  • Reduce the risk of infection Air filtration for the swine ...

    2021-3-11 · Highly infectious A tiny amount of virus can spread rapidly and infect an entire herd. Resilient PRRSv survives for long periods – even in cold, wet conditions. Easily transmissable PRRSv spreads through every transmission method possible (including milk, feces, urine, saliva, semen, blood and aerosol). Persistant PRRSv can last up to 200 ...

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  • Pleuropneumonia in Selected Districts

    2021-1-27 · Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a contagious ... increased production cost due to cost of dis-ease control, loss of weight and working ability, reduced fertili- ... in Africa and considered as the most infectious animal disease affecting …

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  • Reduce the risk of infection Air filtration for the swine ...

    2021-3-11 · Highly infectious A tiny amount of virus can spread rapidly and infect an entire herd. Resilient PRRSv survives for long periods – even in cold, wet conditions. Easily transmissable PRRSv spreads through every transmission method possible (including milk, feces, urine, saliva, semen, blood and aerosol). Persistant PRRSv can last up to 200 ...

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  • contagious caprine pleuropneumonia - CABI.org

    The causative agent of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp), which was previously known by the strain name of its type species, F38. It is a member of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster which includes M. mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (MmmSC), M. mycoides subsp. mycoides LC (MmmLC), M. mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc), M. …

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  • In vivo testing of novel vaccine prototypes against ...

    2018-1-9 · Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) is a Gram-negative bacterium that represents the main cause of porcine pleuropneumonia in pigs, causing significant economic losses to the livestock industry worldwide. A. pleuropneumoniae, as the majority of Gram-negative bacteria, excrete vesicles from its outer membrane (OM), accordingly defined as outer membrane vesicles …

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  • contagious bovine pleuropneumonia - CABI.org

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia vaccines: the current situation and the need for improvement. Revue Scientifique et Technique - Office International des épizooties, 15(4):1373-1396; 53 ref. Turner AW, Campbell AD, 1937. A note on the application of the complement-fixation test to the control of bovine pleuropneumonia.

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  • The prevalence of brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis

    2018-9-18 · Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and brucellosis are major endemic zoonoses in ruminants in Morocco that impact on both animal and human health. This study presents an assessment of the epidemiological and socioeconomic burden of bacterial zoonoses in Sidi Kacem Province in Northern Morocco from a cross-sectional survey of 125 cattle and/or small ruminant-owning households.

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  • Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC

    Volume 26, Number 11—November 2020 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC

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  • Emergence of Antimicrobial Resistance, Causes,

    Emergence of the resistance in microbial population is a major threat to both animal and human health. In bovine, the development of microbial resistance is a persistent threat for health especially in the form of zoonotic pandemics due to viral and multidrug bacterial resistance. Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in microbes are of natural as well as acquired origin.

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  • Rapports d'organisations : « London. Small Pox and ...

    The province produces 45% and 22% sheep and goat population of the country. Different diseases such as, Enterotoxaemia, sheep and goat Pox, Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia, Anthrax and Hemorrhagic Septicemia, Peste des Petits ruminants and Foot and Mouth disease are the most common infections of small and large ruminants.

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  • Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Africa

    Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) appeared to be under control in Africa. However, a fter almost 20 years of respite, there has been an alarming resurgence of the disease on the con tinent. Today CBBP is regarded as the most serious infectious animal disease affecting cattle in …

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  • APHA Biological Reagents List

    2020-4-1 · E.coli 02:K1 typing serum OK ‘F21’ avain strain - polyclonal antisera. £63. 1ml. RAE0235. E.coli K88a fimbrial adhesin - monoclonal antibody. £261. 1ml. RAE0236. E.coli K88b fimbrial adhesin - monoclonal antibody.

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  • Development and Evaluation of an Immuno-Capture

    2020-1-29 · Contagious aprine europneumonia (CCPP) is an infectious disease in goats caused by Mycoplasma apricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp). Originally known as Mycoplasma F38, it was first isolated in Kenya from the lungs of goats with pleuropneumonia …

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  • Financial impact of Foot and Mouth Disease and

    2014-9-5 · Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, 138 (8), 1204–1210. Baluka S A 2014 Socio-economic effects of foot and mouth disease, and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia outbreaks along the cattle marketing chain in selected districts in Uganda, (unpublished PhD …

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  • Contributing to One World, One Health*

    The consequences of emerging infectious diseases (EID) can be catastrophic. For example, estimates show that H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) has already cost over US20 billion in economic losses. If it causes an influenza pandemic, it could cost the global economy around US2 trillion. Therefore,

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  • Automated Oxygen Administration in ... -

    2018-5-17 · Automated Oxygen Administration in Patients With Hypoxemic Pneumonia and Pleuropneumonia (OPPAÎ) ... Moreover, these complications themselves lead to an extension of the length of stay. This has an impact on the cost of care: several studies have shown that hospitalization is the most costly factor in the management of pneumonia, and that even ...

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  • Epidemiological Study and Causative Agent Identification ...

    2020-12-26 · Abstract: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly contagious disease of cattle caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (Mmm SC). A cross-sectional study design was conducted to estimate seroprevalence and associated risk factors and to detect the causative agent of the disease from seropositive animals.

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  • Importation of frozen bovine in vitro produced embryos ...

    2019-9-23 · including liability for negligence and for any loss, damage, injury, expense or cost incurred by any person as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information or data in this publication to the maximum extent permitted

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  • Practical Applications for Managing Biological Risks

    2020-12-14 · infections. For endemic diseases, reducing the dose of infectious agent the animal is exposed to can positively affect the farm’s economic impact and help justify the cost of implementing BRM. Many different solutions exist and because all dairy facilities are …

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  • THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF

    2015-4-15 · rived. The cost benefit ratio of the WHO Smallpox Erad­ ication Program is an object lesson in this regard. So are the cost benefit ratios of pleuropneumonia and bovine tuberculosis elimination programs in many countries, the 196 hog cholera (swine fever) and vesicular exanthema elim­ ination programs in the U.S. and the foot-and-mouth

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  • Financial impact of Foot and Mouth Disease and

    2014-9-5 · Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, 138 (8), 1204–1210. Baluka S A 2014 Socio-economic effects of foot and mouth disease, and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia outbreaks along the cattle marketing chain in selected districts in Uganda, (unpublished PhD …

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  • How to Develop Strategy Against Contagious Bovine ...

    Contagious Pleuropneumonia is having a resurgence in Africa, which could threaten food security. The Ministry of Livestock and Animal Production of Regionally Coordinated Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia in Africaenegal hosted the consultation at FAO headquarters in Rome from 19 to 21 November 2013.

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  • Veterinary World, Vol.1(9): 270-271 RESEARCH ...

    2017-3-21 · (Rekib and Vihan, 1997). Many infectious diseases including contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) adversely affect the goat population throughout the world causing 100 per cent morbidity and an acute illness with mortality ranging between 60 to 100 per cent (Radostits, et. al., 2000). Mycoplasma mycoides var capri is a normal

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  • Field validation of a competitive enzyme-linked ...

    2016-10-19 · Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma mycoides mycoidesbiotype SC (MmmSC) that is characterized by pleuritis and pneumonia. It is now one of the most important threat to cattle production in Africa. Until 1990, the disease seemed to have been under control

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  • THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF

    2015-4-15 · rived. The cost benefit ratio of the WHO Smallpox Erad­ ication Program is an object lesson in this regard. So are the cost benefit ratios of pleuropneumonia and bovine tuberculosis elimination programs in many countries, the 196 hog cholera (swine fever) and vesicular exanthema elim­ ination programs in the U.S. and the foot-and-mouth

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  • Jonathan Rushton - Institute of Infection, Veterinary

    Selected Publications. Improving the use of economics in animal health - Challenges in research, policy and education. (Journal article - 2017) Mapping of beef, sheep and goat food systems in Nairobi - A framework for policy making and the identification of structural vulnerabilities and deficiencies (Journal article - 2017) ; zDALY: An adjusted indicator to estimate the burden of zoonotic ...

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  • Quarantine Requirements for the Importation of... -

    2021-2-23 · The quarantine requirements are enacted pursuant to Article 33 of the Statute for Prevention and Control of Infectious Animal Diseases. Article 2. The following animals are prohibited from importation; exceptions apply to those imported for research purposes with prior permission granted by the central competent authority (CCA): (1) Bats.

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  • Practical Applications for Managing Biological Risks

    2020-12-14 · infections. For endemic diseases, reducing the dose of infectious agent the animal is exposed to can positively affect the farm’s economic impact and help justify the cost of implementing BRM. Many different solutions exist and because all dairy facilities are …

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    Sci-Hub ideas. We fight inequality in knowledge access across the world. The scientific knowledge should be available for every person regardless of their income, social status, geographical location and etc. Our mission is to remove any barrier which impeding the widest possible distribution of …

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  • Problems Facing Cattle Farmers in Nigeria — Hive

    4. Capital: Life partner is one of the issues confronting cattle agriculturists in Nigeria. Cattle farming is a capital concentrated wander which requires a ton of exertion and responsibility. Subsidizing is a key viewpoint in cattle farming, it's inaccessibility has seen a ton …

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  • APHA Scientific: Biological Reagents

    2019-5-3 · A latex agglutination test for the serological detection of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP). Can be used on the farm or in the laboratory. There is sufficient reagent for 100 tests. Cost (£) 283.00 Presentation: Kit Lot Number: See product label. Expiry Date: See product label. Storage

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  • Contagiousbovine pleuropneumonia and

    2015-5-29 · Contagiousbovine pleuropneumonia and Contagiouscaprine pleuropneumonia To vaccinate or not to vaccinate? 19th IOM meeting Toulouse 15‐20 July 2012 F. Thiaucourt* & L. Manso‐Silvan *CIRAD‐UMR‐CMAEE, Montpellier, France WRL for FAO and OIE ref Laboratory

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  • Carrier molecules for use in veterinary vaccines

    2013-10-25 · cost effective Assembly more complicated, requires special equipment, no targeting of specific immune cells Use in combination with OVA, B. abortus antigens, F. hepatica antigens and others Polyphosphazenes Biodegradable polymer, easy assembly, size can vary from 20 to 50 m. No organic solvents required. Water soluble. Can be lyophilized. Side ...

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  • Infectious Diseases: preparing for the future Africa

    2014-3-21 · Infectious Diseases: preparing for the future Africa Mark Rweyemamu, Tanzania William Otim-Nape, Uganda David Serwadda, Uganda This report is intended for: Policy makers, professionals, business and a wide range of researchers concerned with infectious diseases in humans, animals and plants. As the report focuses on

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    Inventions. Research Impact Inventions. A vaccine formulation has been developed to avoid the cost of expensive vaccine booster shots in Australian cattle production, while preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Developed by Swinburne biomaterial researchers, Professor David Mainwaring and Dr Mohammad Al Kobaisi, the patented technology ...

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  • SP4 Glucose Agar (with thallium acetate, penicillin)

    2021-6-23 · 2 – To raise awareness about the differences in approach of infectious diseases in situations of individual animals (eg dog, cat) versus groups of animals (livestock), taking into account factors such as affective value, cost-effectiveness, specific conditions of animals destined for consumption (public health), among others.

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    2020-12-14 · infections. For endemic diseases, reducing the dose of infectious agent the animal is exposed to can positively affect the economic impact and help justify the cost of implementing BRM. Many different solutions exist and because all cattle facilities …

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  • Aerosol-Beef This presentation will review some key

    2017-11-3 · Laminitis, is a severe clinical sign from many different diseases, including infectious diarrhea, pleuropneumonia, retained placenta, or endometritis. Carbohydrate overload, used experimentally to create laminitis, is similar to what happens when horses overindulge on green pastures or accidentally engorge themselves with grain.

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  • Best practices for managing laminitis

    2020-4-17 · download of a copy of this law is available [n1,500 (pdf) and n3000 (word)] click here for online payment or transfer to tree & trees, 0013401871, gtbank. all the laws of lagos state is also available as a compendium. email: [email protected] or [email protected] or text/whatsapp +23407067102097 list of laws of lagos, [alphabetical]

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