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florfenicol powder treated on farmed animals effectiveness

  • COLLECTION OF PIVOTAL FIELD EFFICACY DATA AND

    2017-8-16 · Florfenicol (Aquaflor®) is currently approved in Canada for the control of furunculosis in Atlantic salmon. Bacterial diseases remain a major problem in aquaculture and account for significant losses of fish. Florfenicol has great potential for treatment of infectious fish …

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  • Treating Bovine Respiratory Disease - Farmed Animal ...

    A Medicated Article contains the active ingredient, florfenicol. Florfenicol is a synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic, with activity against a wide range of fish pathogens. In catfish aquaculture,...

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  • Aquaflor (Florfenicol) 50% Type A Medicated Article for ...

    Florfenicol (FF) belongs to the family of chloramphenicol drugs, which is often used for the treatment of infections in farmed animals , , . China has set a maximum residue limit (MRL) for florfenicol in directive standard of GB 31650–2019 National food safety standard-Maximum residue …

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  • Study of an egg powder certified reference material

    2009-2-1 · florfenicol per kg of fish per day for 10 consecutive days) is efficacious when fed as a feed additive for the control of mortality caused by 1) these same bacterial pathogens in additional species, and 2) other bacterial pathogens (including enteric redmouth, bacterial

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  • STUDY PROTOCOL FOR AN AQUACULTURE

    2021-3-1 · Florfenicol (FLO) is the most used antibiotics in aquaculture for controlling various bacterial disease in fish, although its effect on health of farmed fish remains a concern. In the present study, European seabass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ) reared under flow-through aquaculture system (FAS) and recirculating aquaculture system (RAS), were fed on diets supplemented with FLO for 10 d, followed …

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  • Effects of dietary florfenicol contained feeds on

    2014-7-20 · By contrast, of the fish non-treated group, 40% showed high bacterial density (+++) and 60% of them, a relevant density (++). Florfenicol is registered in Brazil to be used against mobile Aeromonas and Streptococcus sp. in Oreochromis niloticus and against Yersinia ruckeri in O. mykiss (Schering-Plough Animal Health, 2009).

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  • Effectiveness of therapeutic agents in disease

    2008-1-1 · Florfenicol binds to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit and inhibits protein synthesis at the peptidyltransferase step. In vitro investigations with florfenicol have demonstrated potent activity against several bacteria pathogenic to fish.

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  • Veterinary drug use in aquaculture - ScienceDirect

    2021-1-1 · Powder for administration in feeding stuff: Florfenicol: FLORFENIDEM BIO 50500 mg/g 0022-2177-13.02.2014: 3: Finfish: For the treatment of furunculosis (Aeromonas salmonicida), yersiniosis (Yersinia ruckeri) and vibriosis (Listonella spp.) and other bacterial disease caused by sensitive to florfenicol microorganisms. Powder for administration in feeding stuff

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  • International legislation on drugs and biological

    effectiveness of official controls on the use of veterinary medicinal products in food- producing animals, in the context of preventing, eliminating, or reducing to acceptable ... florfenicol, gentamycin, lincomycin and oxytetracycline, thus ... farmed cervidae such as red or fallow …

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  • COLLECTION OF PIVOTAL FIELD EFFICACY DATA AND

    2017-8-16 · multiple rearing units managed under the same environmental and culture conditions. Treated groups will receive florfenicol-treated feed at a dosage of 10 mg active drug per kg fish per day for 10 days. Control fish will receive non-medicated feed at the same feed rate as treated fish. All treatments will be conducted in at least triplicate.

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  • Treating Bovine Respiratory Disease - Farmed Animal ...

    2021-3-8 · Floron 40 mg/g oral powder for swine 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each gram contains: ... prevalence of bacteria resistant to the florfenicol and may decrease the effectiveness ... (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s)) - common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated ) ...

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  • SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF

    2017-7-28 · White amorphous lumpy powder . f. Strength and dosage form . Drug concentration in the diet and feeding regimes will be designed to provide a daily dosage of either 10 or 15 mg of florfenicol per kg of fish. g. Manufacturer, source of supply . Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health . 556 Morris Avenue . Summit, NJ 07901

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  • Study Protocol - AQUAFLOR® (florfenicol) USE IN

    2009-2-1 · feed assayed for florfenicol concentration by a certified, analytical testing laboratory. Results of drug-treated feed assays should be reported on Form FFC-3. 3. Storage Conditions . Treated feed will be stored at temperatures and for periods of time not to exceed limits set by the feed manufacturer.

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  • STUDY PROTOCOL FOR AN AQUACULTURE

    Instead, tulathromycin (Category II) and florfenicol (Category III) are suggested as first-line treatments. Of course, what works for one farm may not work for another. Work with your veterinarian to determine the best way to treat your animals for respiratory disease.

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  • Treating Bovine Respiratory Disease - Farmed Animal ...

    2008-7-17 · Effervescent Formulations Of Florfenicol For Addition In Drinking Water Systems Published: Jul 17, 2008 Earliest Priority: Dec 19 2006

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  • Effervescent Formulations Of Florfenicol For Addition

    2014-7-20 · By contrast, of the fish non-treated group, 40% showed high bacterial density (+++) and 60% of them, a relevant density (++). Florfenicol is registered in Brazil to be used against mobile Aeromonas and Streptococcus sp. in Oreochromis niloticus and against Yersinia ruckeri in O. mykiss (Schering-Plough Animal Health, 2009).

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  • Effectiveness of therapeutic agents in disease

    2019-5-13 · According to these results, we suggest that at the indicated dose, the PK/PD cut-off point for florfenicol versus P. salmonis could be 2 μg mL-1 (PTA = 99%). In order to assess the indicated dose in Atlantic salmon, fish were inoculated with P. salmonis LF-89 strain and then treated with the optimized dose of florfenicol, 20 mg/Kg bw for 15 days.

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  • COLLECTION OF PIVOTAL FIELD EFFICACY DATA AND

    2017-8-16 · multiple rearing units managed under the same environmental and culture conditions. Treated groups will receive florfenicol-treated feed at a dosage of 10 mg active drug per kg fish per day for 10 days. Control fish will receive non-medicated feed at the same feed rate as treated fish. All treatments will be conducted in at least triplicate.

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  • SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF

    2021-3-8 · Floron 40 mg/g oral powder for swine 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each gram contains: ... prevalence of bacteria resistant to the florfenicol and may decrease the effectiveness ... (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s)) - common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated ) ...

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  • Study Protocol - AQUAFLOR® (florfenicol) USE IN

    2017-7-28 · White amorphous lumpy powder . f. Strength and dosage form . Drug concentration in the diet and feeding regimes will be designed to provide a daily dosage of either 10 or 15 mg of florfenicol per kg of fish. g. Manufacturer, source of supply . Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health . 556 Morris Avenue . Summit, NJ 07901

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  • STUDY PROTOCOL FOR AN AQUACULTURE

    2020-2-7 · feed assayed for florfenicol concentration by a certified, analytical testing laboratory. Results of drug-treated feed assays should be reported on Form FFC-3. 3. Storage Conditions . Treated feed will be stored at temperatures and for periods of time not to exceed limits set by the feed manufacturer.

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  • Florfenicol VS Chloramphenicol - Knowledge -

    2018-2-13 · Florfenicol VS Chloramphenicol. - Feb 13, 2018-. Chloramphenicol is very widely used in livestock and poultry farms before florfenicol is developed. Because chloramphenicol has a unique antibacterial mechanism and advantages compared to penicillins, sulfonamides, aminoglycosides and other drugs. What’s more, chloramphenicol is not easy to ...

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  • National statutory surveillance scheme for veterinary ...

    2020-9-8 · Calves Kidney Florfenicol 97 2 300 480, 2300 (florfenicol) Cattle Kidney Florfenicol 260 1 300 820 (florfenicol) ... Chlortetracycline powder was given to female calves mixed with milk at day one. The farmer stated ... ID of the animals treated, or records to show the …

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  • Resflor (Canada) for Animal Use - Drugs.com

    2021-6-28 · Resflor should be administered as a single subcutaneous dose of 40 mg/kg florfenicol and 2.2 mg/kg flunixin (2 mL/15 kg BW or 6 mL/100 lbs BW). Do not administer more than 10 mL at each injection site. The injection should be given only in the neck. Do …

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  • EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LEADING TO APPROVALS FOR ...

    2017-8-16 · effectiveness studies. 5. Conduct pivotal effectiveness studies on Terramycin 200 for Fish® and Aquaflor® according to Good Clinical Practice and the CVM concurred protocols. 6. Analyze the effectiveness data and prepare draft final study reports for Terramycin 200 for Fish® and Aquaflor® no more than four months after the studies are ...

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  • EFFERVESCENT FORMULATIONS OF FLORFENICOL

    The invention relates to an effervescent formulation containing florfenicol or an antibiotic of related structure. When introduced into water, the effervescent formulation is dissolved with minimal or no agitation and provides a solution or a homogeneous dispersion of florfenicol. The formulations are typically in the form of free flowing ...

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  • Considerations for Treating Minor Food-Producing

    2018-2-8 · a Listed indications are broad. For specific indications, the drug label or Code of Federal Regulations should be consulted. Table 51.2 Veterinary pharmaceuticals approved by the Food and Drug Administration as of July, 2017 for use in cervids/other ruminants that are considered minor food-producing animals in the United States of America

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  • SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF

    2021-3-8 · Floron 40 mg/g oral powder for swine 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each gram contains: ... prevalence of bacteria resistant to the florfenicol and may decrease the effectiveness ... (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s)) - common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated ) ...

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  • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SECTION 1.

    2015-11-6 · Florfenicol was slightly irritating to the eyes of rabbits. Rabbits treated with 0.1 ml of undiluted glyceryl triacetate exhibited slight to moderate irritation, but produced no effect when immediately rinsed for six minutes. 2-Pyrrolidone was not irritating to the eyes of rabbits. ORAL: Florfenicol: Oral LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat, mouse).

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  • Florfenicol pharmacokinetics following intravenous

    2017-12-15 · The aim of this study was to evaluate pharmacokinetic profiles of florfenicol after a single dose of intravenous (5.00 mg kg-1 body weight) and oral (40.00 mg kg-1 body weight) administrations in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).The residue depletion of florfenicol was also investigated after oral administration (10.00 mg kg-1 body weight) and bath treatment (5.00 mg L-1) for 10 consecutive days.

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  • WO 2008/133901 A1 - Compounds And Methods For

    2008-11-6 · The invention provides compositions containing florfenicol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in animal drinking water systems. In some preferred aspects of the invention, the florfenicol is present in an aqueous formulation, a solvent formulation, an aqueous/solvent formulation, a powder, granules or a lyophilized power/cake.

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  • Antiprotozoals effective in vitro against the scutico ...

    trarchi in farmed sea bass and turbot (Dragesco et al. 1995, Iglesias et al. 2001). In the case of turbot, the inci- ... Florfenicol Nuflor Injectable solution Schering-Plough Flubendazole pp Powder Esteve ... given its effectiveness for killing free forms of the cili-ate, and given that it is approved for chemotherapeutic ...

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  • National statutory surveillance scheme for veterinary ...

    2021-4-30 · Calves kidney Florfenicol 370 1 300 410 florfenicol Calves liver Coccidiostats 18 1 30 210 halofuginone ... Farmed s almon m uscle and s kin Avermectins 86 1 100 130 emamectin Farmed trout ... been treated with it, however medicated foodstuff was not recorded in the medicine records. Medicated foodstuff is mixed on the

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  • Atlantic and Coho Salmon

    2020-10-28 · For coho salmon farmed in net pens in Chile, the final numerical score is 3.84 out of 10, and ... Its effectiveness in ensuring that the cumulative impacts of the industry remain within the carrying capacity of the environment continues to be ... (florfenicol …

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  • EFFERVESCENT FORMULATIONS OF FLORFENICOL

    The invention relates to an effervescent formulation containing florfenicol or an antibiotic of related structure. When introduced into water, the effervescent formulation is dissolved with minimal or no agitation and provides a solution or a homogeneous dispersion of florfenicol. The formulations are typically in the form of free flowing ...

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  • Animals | Free Full-Text | Quillaja saponaria (Molina ...

    P. salmonis infections are the cause of major bacterial disease in salmonids in Chile, and the reason for using more antibiotics compared to other salmon-producing countries. Vaccination and antibiotics have not been efficient and new approaches are needed. The safety of Quillaja saponaria extracts was measured by cytotoxicity using flow cytometry of cytopathic and death of fish cell cultures ...

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  • Considerations for Treating Minor Food-Producing

    2018-2-8 · a Listed indications are broad. For specific indications, the drug label or Code of Federal Regulations should be consulted. Table 51.2 Veterinary pharmaceuticals approved by the Food and Drug Administration as of July, 2017 for use in cervids/other ruminants that are considered minor food-producing animals in the United States of America

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  • Antibiotics | Free Full-Text | Phage Therapy in

    Before the study began, the animals were treated with florfenicol to facilitate the colonization of E. coli strains subsequently used for infection. The animals were infected orally with 10 10 CFU of E. coli and subsequently were treated with six phages administered individually or as a multiphage mixture (phages GJ1-GJ7) at a dosage of 109 PFU ...

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  • Myo-inositol as an adjuvant to florfenicol against ...

    2018-9-3 · However, the treatment with 25 mg/kg florfenicol alone did not result in a significant treatment efficacy (P > 0.05). In contrast, the myo-inositol group treated with 50 mg/kg myo-inositol alone also had a significantly reduced bacterial count in liver and spleen (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively).

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  • Federal Register :: New Animal Drugs; Amprolium ...

    2014-4-1 · The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval actions for new animal drug applications (NADAs) and abbreviated new animal drug applications (ANADAs) during January and February 2014. FDA is also informing the public of the availability of...

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  • AQUAFLOR Approved for Controlling Mortality Due to ...

    2021-7-12 · USA - AQUAFLOR (florfenicol), the fast-acting in-feed antibiotic developed by Schering-Plough Animal Health Corporation, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for control of mortality in freshwater-reared salmonids due to …

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  • Current antimicrobial use in farm animals in the

    2020-6-26 · Antimicrobial resistance has been recognised as one of the most difficult challenges facing human and animal health in recent decades. The surveillance of antimicrobial use in animal health plays a major role in dealing with the growing issue of resistance. This paper reviews current data available on antimicrobial use in farmed animals in the Republic of Ireland, including each of the major ...

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  • Time for a - RESFLOR GOLD

    2010-11-5 · * The correlation between in vitro susceptibility data and clinical effectiveness is unknown. ** The lowest MIC to encompass 50% and 90% of the most susceptible isolates, respectively. EFFECTIvENESS: In a multi-site field study, calves with naturally occurring BRD were treated with ReSFLoR GoLD®, Nuflor Gold® (NADA 141-265), or saline. A ...

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  • What has been done to minimize the use of

    The amounts of farmed fish that can be treated with the amount of antibacterial drugs used in Norway during 2007 represent 0.03% of the produced biomass in metric tonnes. It is therefore unlikely that the use of antibacterial drugs in Norwegian farmed fish poses a significant risk to human medicine with respect to driving antibacterial drug ...

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  • Part VI. GARP: Antibiotic management and resistance

    Extensively farmed animals are usually treated on the farm of origin, and there is no standard for the facilities provided by the farmer. The animal may be treated in a field, a crush or a stable. Infection control under these circumstances is in the hands of the veterinarian, who has to educate the farmer if …

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  • Fighting food fraud - Europa

    2014-8-22 · cases across the EU include the sale of road salt as food salt, farmed fish as freshly caught, battery‐caged eggs as organic, and the much‐publicised scandal of the substitution of horsemeat for beef. Food fraud rising Statistics appear to back up concerns that food fraud is on the rise. A

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  • Effect of dietary components on the gut microbiota of ...

    It is well known that healthy gut microbiota is essential to promote host health and well-being. The intestinal microbiota of endothermic animals as well as fish are classified as autochthonous or indigenous, when they are able to colonize the host's epithelial surface or are associated with the microvilli, or as allochthonous or transient (associated with digesta or are present in the lumen).

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  • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SECTION 1.

    2015-11-6 · Florfenicol was slightly irritating to the eyes of rabbits. Rabbits treated with 0.1 ml of undiluted glyceryl triacetate exhibited slight to moderate irritation, but produced no effect when immediately rinsed for six minutes. 2-Pyrrolidone was not irritating to the eyes of rabbits. ORAL: Florfenicol: Oral LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat, mouse).

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  • Safety of Florfenicol in the Adult Lobster (Homarus ...

    Aerococcus viridans, the causative agent of the disease gaffkemia, was a major cause of mortality in lobsters (Homarus americanus) held in tidal impoundments during the 1970s and 1980s. Despite reports of an increase in the mortality of lobsters during impoundment, and the widespread prophylactic use of oxytetracycline against A. viridans, this bacterium has not been detected in active disease ...

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  • Myo-inositol as an adjuvant to florfenicol against ...

    2018-9-3 · However, the treatment with 25 mg/kg florfenicol alone did not result in a significant treatment efficacy (P > 0.05). In contrast, the myo-inositol group treated with 50 mg/kg myo-inositol alone also had a significantly reduced bacterial count in liver and spleen (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively).

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  • Federal Register :: New Animal Drugs; Amprolium ...

    2014-4-1 · The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval actions for new animal drug applications (NADAs) and abbreviated new animal drug applications (ANADAs) during January and February 2014. FDA is also informing the public of the availability of...

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  • WHO | WHO list of critically important antimicrobials

    WHO has developed and applied criteria to rank antimicrobials according to their relative importance in human medicine. Clinicians, regulatory agencies, policy-makers and other stakeholders can use this ranking when developing risk management strategies for the use of antimicrobials in food production animals.

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  • Antibiotics | Free Full-Text | Phage Therapy in

    Before the study began, the animals were treated with florfenicol to facilitate the colonization of E. coli strains subsequently used for infection. The animals were infected orally with 10 10 CFU of E. coli and subsequently were treated with six phages administered individually or as a multiphage mixture (phages GJ1-GJ7) at a dosage of 109 PFU ...

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  • $16,079 Face mask Examination of the effectiveness of

    2010-11-23 · health. This study was designed to test the effectiveness of shoe covers for bio-containment at the animal room floor level. Fluorescent powders under black light examination (XR-7 Contamination Simulation Powder [blue] and Krypton Powder [green]) were utilized to …

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  • What has been done to minimize the use of

    2011-2-22 · The amounts of farmed fish that can be treated with the amount of antibacterial drugs used in Norway during 2007 represent 0.03% of the produced biomass in metric tonnes. It is therefore unlikely that the use of antibacterial drugs in Norwegian farmed fish poses a significant risk to human medicine with respect to driving antibacterial drug ...

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  • EMA and EFSA Joint Scientific Opinion on measures to ...

    Acknowledgements: The EMA CVMP and the EFSA BIOHAZ Panel wish to thank the following for the support provided to this scientific opinion: the EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), which endorsed Section 4.2 of the scientific opinion; the EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP), which endorsed Section 4.4 of the scientific opinion; the EMA ...

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  • INTRODUCTION Mehlhorn 1985), organophosphorates

    counted on fins of treated hosts (N,); control hosts kept in drug-freewater under the same conditions (N,) the water has been returned to the environment. Anti- Gyrodactylus drugs must also be 100 % effective, since partial effectiveness may not prevent subsequent …

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  • Feed intake response following a single dose of EXCEDEor ...

    • Healthy calves treated with Nuflor® (florfenicol) ... brand of ceftiofur sodium sterile powder), ceftiofur hydrochloride ... defined as animals that did not require any ancillary treatment and had a rectal temperature of <104°F, normal respiration index and had no or mild depression on that day.

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  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    rabbits), colistin, florfenicol, lincomycin, neomycin, tiamulin, valnemulin), although available data on sales indicate that products containing colistin, and tiamulin are frequently sold. At the wholesaler visited, products sold also contained amoxicillin and lincomycin. At the cattle farm visited the animals were treated with products

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  • Evaluating and Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of ...

    2014-10-28 · The treated animals were not offered any alternative source of food, so during the trials they were living on half the ration they had been used to before the trials began yet continued to refuse the mackerel offered them. The health of the subjects was carefully monitored through the trials and regular blood samples were taken.

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  • Florocol drug & pharmaceuticals. Florocol available

    2021-2-17 · (florfenicol) Injectable Solution. For intramuscular and subcutaneous use in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle only. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal. CAUTION: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. ANADA 200-591, Approved by FDA

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  • Pharmacology in Aquatic Animals | Veterian Key

    2018-2-8 · a Extralabel use of fluoroquinolones in food animals is prohibited by US FDA.. BKD, bacterial kidney disease. Data obtained from many authors. Injections. Injectable treatments using an antimicrobial are typically used in higher-valued fish (i.e., brood stock, some ornamental species, etc.) due to the labor and care involved in minimizing the potentially significant stress to the animal due to ...

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  • (PDF) Assessment of the immune status of Nile tilapia ...

    Assessment of the immune status of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) experimentally challenged with toxogenic septicemic bacteria during treatment trial with Florfenicol Enrofloxacin. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 3 (1): 21-36,

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  • Physiological and immune response of Litopenaeus

    2016-7-7 · treated with OXI. At 20 daa NHP-B was still detected in FF-treated shrimp, but not in OXI-treated shrimp. It is hypothesized that despite none of the antibiotics per se eliminated the bacterium, both had a negative effect on its virulence. OXI seems to have a greater effect, allowing shrimp to integrate a better immune response at 15 daa.

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  • Water-Soluble Prodrugs of Florfenicol and its Analogs ...

    2007-12-11 · What is claimed is: 1. A compound having the Formula (I) in which: R is selected from the group consisting of A is oxygen and a is zero or 1; L is (a) CH 2 and l is an integer from 1 to 6; (b) CHR 1 where R 1 is an amino acid side chain and l is 1; or (c) CHR 1 NHC(O)C(NH 2)R 2 where R 1 and R 2 are amino acid side chains and l is 1; M is (a) oxygen or sulfur and m is zero or one; (b) CH 2 and ...

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  • Medications and how to use them. - Deer Farmer

    2011-7-2 · Give orally undiluted to kids at a rate of 3-5cc and to adults at a rate of 5-10cc for five consecutive days. Mixing with drinking water as directed on the label is another option. Will not work with automatic waterers due to continual dilution of the product. Sick kids should be treated individually with oral dosing for five consecutive days.

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  • Effects of prophylactic antibiotic-treatment on post ...

    2020-3-27 · Across a wide range of disciplines, approximately 11.5 million experimental animals were used for research purposes within the member states of …

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  • SAFETY OF FLORFENICOL IN THE ADULT LOBSTER

    SAFETY OF FLORFENICOL IN THE ADULT LOBSTER (HOMARUS AMERICANOS) David Basti, D. V.M., M.S., Deborah Bouchard, B.S., and Anne Lichtenwalner, D.V.M., Ph.D. Abstract: Aerococcus viridans, the causative agent of the disease gaffkemia, was a major cause of mortality in lobsters (Homarus americanus) held in tidal impoundments during the 1970s and 1980s.

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  • Feed intake response following a single dose of EXCEDEor ...

    • Healthy calves treated with Nuflor® (florfenicol) ... brand of ceftiofur sodium sterile powder), ceftiofur hydrochloride ... defined as animals that did not require any ancillary treatment and had a rectal temperature of <104°F, normal respiration index and had no or mild depression on that day.

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  • Time for a - RESFLOR GOLD

    2010-11-5 · * The correlation between in vitro susceptibility data and clinical effectiveness is unknown. ** The lowest MIC to encompass 50% and 90% of the most susceptible isolates, respectively. EFFECTIvENESS: In a multi-site field study, calves with naturally occurring BRD were treated with ReSFLoR GoLD®, Nuflor Gold® (NADA 141-265), or saline. A ...

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  • Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Aquaculture | The Fish

    2021-7-14 · Florfenicol is indicated for the treatment of fish diseases such as furunculosis in Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout fry syndrome. Risks and Regulations Safety. Exposure of untargeted animals and the environment to drugs used in aquaculture is inevitable due to the characteristics of the culture systems and the manner of introduction of the drugs.

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  • Western Regional Aquaculture Center

    2019-6-21 · An evaluation of the effectiveness of various florfenicol treatment regimens to control mortality caused by Streptococcus iniaei in cultured hybrid striped bass: Dr. James Bowker US Fish & Wildlife Service: 2005-2008: AQUARIUS: Shellfish sanitation simulator, rainfall and water quality closure rule evaluator, version 2.0: Dr. Fred S. Conte

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  • Evaluating and Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of ...

    2014-10-28 · The treated animals were not offered any alternative source of food, so during the trials they were living on half the ration they had been used to before the trials began yet continued to refuse the mackerel offered them. The health of the subjects was carefully monitored through the trials and regular blood samples were taken.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Assessment of the immune status of Nile tilapia ...

    Assessment of the immune status of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) experimentally challenged with toxogenic septicemic bacteria during treatment trial with Florfenicol Enrofloxacin. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 3 (1): 21-36,

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  • Simultaneous determination of multi-class veterinary

    Dosage: Cat or Small dogs: 2g daily. Medium size dogs: 4g daily. Large dogs: 6g daily. Alternatively: 1/2 tsp per 1 lb of meat for a 100% pmr raw diet. Making your own eggshell powder. When making eggshell powder at home, there is no need to remove the membrane. The egg membrane is located between the eggshell and the egg white.

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  • Eggshell Powder | 4 Raw Pets

    2007-12-11 · What is claimed is: 1. A compound having the Formula (I) in which: R is selected from the group consisting of A is oxygen and a is zero or 1; L is (a) CH 2 and l is an integer from 1 to 6; (b) CHR 1 where R 1 is an amino acid side chain and l is 1; or (c) CHR 1 NHC(O)C(NH 2)R 2 where R 1 and R 2 are amino acid side chains and l is 1; M is (a) oxygen or sulfur and m is zero or one; (b) CH 2 and ...

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  • Albendazole Oral Suspension Florfenicol Suspension ...

    Albendazole Oral Suspension. Brand Name AdvaCare Pharmaceuticals; We are offering albendazole oral suspension. albendazole is a broad spectrum anthelmintic or anti-worm medication effective against: roundworms, tapeworms, and flukes of domestic animals and humans. albendazole is also used to treat cystic hydatid disease of the liver, lung, and peritoneum, caused by the larval form of the dog ...

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  • Pawpaw (Carica papaya) seeds powder in Nile tilapia

    2014-5-1 · animals as rats (Udoh et al., 2005b), rabbits (Pathak et al., 2001) and langur monkeys (Lohiya et al., 2002). In the same trend, many researchers used pawpaw seeds powder (PSP) as a natural reproductive inhibitor in Nile tilapia (Ekanem and Bassey, 2003; Ekanem and Okoronkwo, 2003; Jegede and Fagbenro, 2008 and Abbas and Abbas, 2011). Most of the

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  • Evaluating and Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of ...

    2014-10-28 · The treated animals were not offered any alternative source of food, so during the trials they were living on half the ration they had been used to before the trials began yet continued to refuse the mackerel offered them. The health of the subjects was carefully monitored through the trials and regular blood samples were taken.

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  • Surveillance of the overall consumption of

    1999-2-1 · Therapeutic use in domestic animals and farmed fish declined by 76% from 1992 to 1996. While overall use in domestic animals and farmed fish, both as therapeutics and as feed additives with antibacterial effects, declined by 67% from 1992 to 1996, use in human medicine was almost constant, a slight increase of 0.6% being recorded.

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  • Antimicrobial drug use in calves – implications for ...

    2021-5-13 · In this study, only animals showing signs of disease were treated with antimicrobials and no mass administration of antibiotics was practiced. On beef farms overall, 12.7%, 5.7%, 2.9% and 20.4% of suckler beef calves were treated with antimicrobials for disease from birth to one month of age, one to three months of age, three to six months of ...

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  • Physiological and immune response of Litopenaeus

    2016-7-7 · treated with OXI. At 20 daa NHP-B was still detected in FF-treated shrimp, but not in OXI-treated shrimp. It is hypothesized that despite none of the antibiotics per se eliminated the bacterium, both had a negative effect on its virulence. OXI seems to have a greater effect, allowing shrimp to integrate a better immune response at 15 daa.

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  • Effects of prophylactic antibiotic-treatment on post ...

    2020-3-27 · Across a wide range of disciplines, approximately 11.5 million experimental animals were used for research purposes within the member states of …

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  • Greenshell™ Mussel Powder — PERNATEC

    Specialised analysis has shown that Pernatec Green Lipped mussel powder contains on average 2% glycosaminoglycans and 8% glycogen. It is the unique combination of these biologically active components, along with the Omega 3 PUFA’s in Pernatec working together in naturally occurring quantities that delivers the beneficial effects of Pernatec.

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  • EstroLux 1+1 Free - For Hormonal Balance &

    Excess oestrogen levels can cause weight gain, fatigue, trouble sleeping, cellulite, bloating and irritability. EstroLux is a natural hormonal detox with 3-in-1 action that helps restore hormonal balance. 3-in-1 action: blocks, deactivates and expels excess oestrogen Diminishes irritability and mood swings Improves quality of sleep Boosts weight loss, especially if you are “pear ...

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